Grand Ayatollah Sayed Hossein Borujerdi (March 1875 – 30 March 1961) was an Iranian Shia Marjah and the leading Marjah in Iran from roughly 1947 to his death in 1961.  For more than 15 years he was known as a highest-level Shia authority, a Grand Ayatollah with the authority to make legal decisions within the confines of Islamic law for followers and less-credentialed clerics. He was also the chairman of educating institution (sometimes called seminarians or Howzat) in theology, to prepare students for ordination as clergy.

Grand Ayatollah Sayed Hossein Borujerdi put remarkable efforts on development of religious and cultural places and seminarians, libraries and publishing religious books. For instance, Azam mosque of Qom, Islamic Centre Hamburg, Jahangir Khan Religious School, Kermanshah Religious School, Najaf Ashraf school as well as multiple libraries in Kermanshah and Najaf were built during his life.

In 12 February 1960, he ordered foundation of large public library in Azam mosque of Qom. The opening ceremony was officially held in 13 April 1961 by his son Mohammad Hossain Borujerdi, Ayatollah really tends to the public use of the library. The library was headed by Ayatollah Danesh Ashtiani.

Ayatollah Sayed Javad Alavi Boroujerdi (his grandson), is responsible for Azaam Grand Mosque, library and other related centers to Grand Ayatollah Boroujerdi. With his action, the library building was renovated and reopened in 2009 and a separate section was considered for women.

In 2011, Grand Ayatollah Boroujerdi Library in recognition and appreciation of remarkable services to researchers was named as a Selected Library by the Academic Council of 13th Annual Book Symposium of Howzat.

In 2002, Ayatollah Boroujerdi Library was selected by the Public Libraries Foundation as the best library of Qom province and afterwards in 2005 the Department of Culture and Islamic Guidance of IR Iran nominated and appreciated this library for providing superior service.